The first decision is usually type of wood, based on the suitability for the area and the look you want to achieve. There is a huge amount of choice, even within the same species, in terms of colour and texture. The most common choices are Ash, Beech, Cherry, Maple, Oak and Walnut. Of which Oak being the most popular for contemporary houses, followed by Beech and Maple.

Once you have decided the type of wood, you will then need to choose the gradings. These two things will largely affect price. The highest grade does not incorporate any knots, so that floors will have a uniform colour and texture. However, you might actually prefer the lowest grade which has more colour variations, as this is less monotonous and gives the floor more character. Your choice will depend largely on what effect you want to achieve and what other elements of interior designs dominate the room.

You will also need to choose patterns (e.g. strip, plank, herringbone, basket weave) and construction method, such as solid through and through or engineered wood floors, which is composed of multiple layers of wood pressed together and actually produces a product with more durability and stability than solid wood.

Lastly, you will need to decide the surface finish; most popular one is polyurethane, which is water-resistant and protects the wood from moisture and mould. It also makes it very easy to take care of and maintain.

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